Garage Door Torsion Springs Replacement

  • Garage Door Torsion Springs Replacement
  • Garage Door Torsion Springs Replacement
  • garage-door-springs
  • garage-spring-replacement-usa

Garage doors are essential to the safety of not just your vehicle but also the people inside your house. It is important that garage doors are properly maintained for the safety of everybody. However, garage doors face a lot of problems especially when it comes to the parts. The entire garage door system might fail if one of the essential parts is not in accordance with the standard quality. Say for example, the rollers are frequently exhausted easily because it rolls the garage door up and down every time it is being used. If the rollers are broken, it might be the cause of accidents that you would have least expected. That is why it is advisable to use Teflon rollers for a long lasting performance.

The garage door springs are the most affected part of the system. The springs hold the weight and tension of the entire garage door. It allows the opening and closing of the garage door easier. Because the springs are pulled and pushed extensively and in a reoccurring fashion, they tend to be exhausted drastically. Hence, among all the parts, the springs are most often replaced. If you fail to replace the springs on time, chances are the door might not perform its duty or it might be the reason of accidents.

Here are some basic steps on how you can replace your garage door springs without the aid of garage door contractor:

Step 1 – It is noteworthy to remember that replacing torsion springs is a dangerous undertaking if you don’t have the right tools. If you failed to perform it right with the proper tools needed, you can probably lose your bare hand, your limb or worst- your life. It is important that you exercise precautionary measures to avoid being injured.

Replacing the torsion springs would mean that you should assume for the worst things. You are changing the springs because it’s so old and it is not already doing its job. Hence, expect that the springs will break and that the cone will explode or slip when you wind or unwind the springs. To avoid being injured, always distance yourself from the spring you are going to repair. Use a robust ladder rather than a chair when clutching the bars on the ends that is furthest from the cones. Always keep your hands in distance from the cones. That way you will not be injured when the twisting bar slips of the cone.

Watch out for older cones that are winding. The safest way to alter the older springs is to make a winding bar for the holes on each cone.

Step 2 – Before unplugging the power cord from the garage door opener, be sure that you first close the door. A few of the older garage door operators are hardwired. You will have to remove the fuse, otherwise, flip the circuit breaker.

Afterwards, you may now remove the opener from the garage door. Some older openers will require removing the L-shaped drawbar arm while others have a neutral state so that the trolley easily disconnects. It is advisable that when you replace the torsion springs, it is better that the garage door is close to avoid detrimental cause to the door and likewise avoid physical injury.

Step 3 – As noted, gathering the important and right tools is important to avoid any damages that are beyond your control. Additionally, get vise grips, adjustable wrench, and needed winding bars. These are the essential tools in doing the project. Also, bring a sturdy ladder and a rag that you might use in cleaning your hands. You may also need some sockets and socket wrench to shorten the time you would have to incur in replacing your springs. A file and a ruler may be necessary as well.

Step 4 – This step includes a broader concept of measuring the torsion spring. It is important that you compare your old springs with the new ones so you may get the right springs. You can read “How to Measure Torsion Springs” for additional information.

Lay the springs in a place where you can have a wide space. Measure the inside diameter of the springs, the lengths and the coils to know what would be the size of the wires. Stand the new springs up in the inside of the door. Position the springs and turn them where the top end would face you. Place the left spring on the left end of the garage door and the right one on the right end of the garage door.

Step 5 – Mark the drums and torsion shaft on both ends with a marker while the cables are tight on the drums.

Step 6 – This step include unwinding the old spring. Remember not to touch the screw if the fitting bar is not yet inserted properly in the winding cone. This is to protect you from being injured.

To replace the torsion springs safely, use winding bars that fit the cone. It is important to fit the winding bar with the winding cone to loosen the setscrew. Insert the winding bar to one of the holes of the cone and put a tape to leave a mark. Try to move the winding bar from side to side then remove it. Repeat it until the springs are completely unwound.

Step 7 – The next step is to loosen up the torsion hardware. First, remove the bolts that secure the torsion cones to the spring bracket. Slide the torsion springs toward the cable drums and slide it more out toward the drums. Between the cones, you may notice that there is only a single bearing. The purpose is to keep the shaft from wearing with the anchor bracket.

The next thing to do is to loosen up the setscrews on the cable drum so the drum will turn freely. After which, remove the cable from the left drum and slide the latter from the bearing plate. Do the same procedure on the other side of the garage door.

Step 8 – You have done everything that is needed. So what you need to do now is to replace the springs and reinstall the torsion hardware. Finally, you can wind the new springs and everything is done.

The two Types of Garage Door Springs

The garage door system maintains to springs; the torsion and extension springs. The former are attached above the closed door while the latter are found above the tracks on both the right and left side.

Between the two kinds of garage doors springs, the torsion springs are more popular than the extension. As a matter of fact, contractors use torsion spring more often and use extension when using rear torsion springs is not possible. Here are some reasons why torsion springs are mostly utilized:
1. Torsion springs are less exhausted because they are less expanded and most of the time just turned. Compared to extension springs that are really expanded when an overhead door is being operated.
2. Torsion springs are expensive, but they last longer cycles than extension springs. Usually, torsion springs last for 15, 000 lifts while extension only last for 10, 000. Say for instance you open your garage door 3 times a day; the extension springs may only have 5 years useful life while torsion, since sturdier, last longer.
3. Extension springs need more parts than torsion. Extension springs have sheaves to maintain and require longer cable whereas torsion is easier to lubricate.
4. Torsion springs wear lesser on the operator. Torsion springs are a big help when it comes to the overhead operator. They allow the operator to do its function without any wear or requiring it with more power to be able to function. Therefore, the overhead door operator does not need to work exhaustively just to open or close the door because the torsion springs make it better balance.
5. Extension springs are far way dangerous when broken. Extension springs can explode when broken. It can fly off anyone or anything and can cause serious damage; worst, might end up someone’s life. Torsion springs are safer because when they break they only create a strong sound but stay on the shaft of the system.

Torsion springs are the ones who do the lifting of the garage door when clicking the remote to open the garage door. They release and store the energy needed and hold the door. There are different types of torsion springs that are used in garage doors. One is the standard torsion spring which is common to residential garage doors and is mounted atop the opening of the door. Early set torsion spring is similar to the standard type but they are located at the center of the shaft. Meanwhile, steel rolling door torsion spring is common to commercial garage door. The torsion spring is found within the barrel to support the rolling door.

Garage Door Nation sells different garage door springs that are of sure quality and can last longer than any other garage doors springs.

Watch this video BEFORE you order:

1. Add your springs (we recommend at least ordering (2) springs - a left wound + a right wound) to your shopping cart. NOTE: 98% of garage doors will use a 1-3/4" or 2" inside diameter. 

2. Add a pair of bearing plates: click here

3. Add a pair of rollers: click here

4. Add a garage cable: click here

5. Check out and save big by fixing your own garage door. Enjoy!

$39.95 $99.99

VENDOR : Garage Door Nation
COLLECTION : Garage Springs / the essentials /
TAG : buy / diy / door / fix / garage / how / online / spring / to / torsion /

Garage Door Torsion Springs


We strongly recommend our brand-new


(comes with 2 springs - best value)

which has everything you need to fix your garage starting at just $99.99.


Plus, FREE shipping for a limited time only. View our Bundle Kit here:


Replacing both springs is strongly recommended, if you want to convert from a 1-spring system to a 2-spring system,

visit this link, as there is an equation we must perform before we can recommend the 2-spring measurements for you.


Garage Door Torsion Springs Replacement (highest quality in America)

*all spring sales are custom and made-to-order, therefore ALL SALES ARE FINAL


Please be sure to add (2) springs to your order by first adding the left wound, then coming back to add a right wound spring to order a pair.
These are currently sold individually.

Visit our video tutorials section for more step-by-step tutorials on DIY garage door repair.
All springs that we sell are manufactured in either our Ohio or California plant.  The raw steel we used is also made in the USA.  However, there are some parts on the springs, spring ends, cones and castings that do come from overseas. 
If you have any questions, please let us know.
*Our warranty does not cover normal wear and tear - it does cover the cones coming undone though.

In order to order new springs, you will need to measure (as accurately as possible) your current spring(s) and find the:


1. Wire size

2. Inside diameter (90% of doors have a 2.0" inside diameter)

3. Spring length (how long each spring is)

4. Spring orientation if ordering just one spring (left wound or right wound)


If you would like to convert from 1 spring to 2 springs, use this link after finding your current spring measurements:

**for maximum accuracy, measure springs  after releasing their tension (taking them off), but this is NOT required.


RECOMMENDED: This video will help you measure your torsion springs - please watch it before ordering (5 minutes).

1. How to Measure for Wire Size

The only way to measure this accurately is to measure 10, 20, 30, and 40 coils and find a match on this chart. It is okay to round if you are very close.

Wire size is the most important measurement. This determines the strength of the spring. It is not recommended to manipulate this to try and get a longer life or stronger spring. If you'd like to upgrade your spring(s), you can add this to your cart:


2. How to Measure for Inside Diameter

It is very likely that, like 90% of Americans, you have a 2.00" inside diameter.

Please double check by measuring just the inside (interior) diameter of the spring. You can measure this while it's still attached.

Ready to order? ---> 



3. How to Measure for Spring Length

Spring length is the most flexible measurement, but you should do your best to be within 1-2 inches.

The spring length may change slightly after years of use, weather, etc.

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4. How to Determine Winding Orientation (left-wound or right-wound)

A general rule is that if the spring is marked with RED paint, then it is RIGHT wound.

Furthermore, if the spring is on the left side when looking from within the garage, it is RIGHT wound.

If you have a 2-spring system, you should replace both springs and you can skip this step.

This page will provide more insight if you are still having trouble:



Ready to order? --->





Safety First

If it’s your first time to having an appointment with your torsion spring, it is extremely recommended that you should read the safety first section.

When it comes into torsion springs, safety is of high importance. Replacing, cleaning, checking up or even measuring your torsion spring can cause property damage, serious and fatal injuries if one is not properly equipped and knowledgeable.

In measuring and determining the important information of your torsion spring, you will need a;

  • Tape measure
  • Pencil, marker or a pen
  • Ruler
  • Flashlight
  • Safety gloves
  • Safety glasses
  • and a sturdy ladder

Remember, always wear safety glasses, unplug the power to the opener, door must be disconnected from the opener, and be sure the ladder you be using is sturdy.

Owning a garage door torsion spring is indeed a responsibility one must recognize. With the enough guidelines and safety tips, at least we have somehow minimized the possibility of any unwanted accidents.


The length of the springs

When measuring the length of the spring, there are several ways and techniques to know the length of the spring. Moreover, there are also instances where certain issues are encountered that require helpful techniques to accurately and precisely determine the exact length of the spring.

If the spring is broken, you have two options.

  1. Attach a piece of tape to the tape measure and simply mark the distance from the farthest end of the spring to the end point coil of the separated spring. Next is to move the marked tape and align it to the coil of the other separated spring and measure to the opposite end of the spring. Be sure the marked tape is always aligned at the inside coil.
  2. The second option is to slightly loosen the set screws of the broken spring and bring it to the other segment of the spring. Measure the spring now in their entirety. Do not include the cones in measuring; however, you can include coils on the cones. Be sure the coils are properly aligned and compressed.

Let’s say that your spring is deformed to the point that an accurate length cannot be determined, count the total number of coils of the unwound spring. Multiply wire diameter by total coils and this is the length.


Determining the Wire Size

According to the experts, the best tool in determining the size of your wires is the tape measure. Though some of the professional engineers, fitters or mechanics often prefer using calipers and micrometers, it is not that reliable when it comes into measuring torsion springs.

There are four reasons why calipers and micrometers are not the right tools in determining wire size:

  1. Rust and corrosion – over the years, torsion spring gets rusty and weary that constitute to a change of size.
  2. Paint – some of torsion spring is painted, not just once but perhaps several times. The paint provides coating to the coils creating additional readings.
  3. Coils are curved – micrometers can only measure the sides of a coil and because the coils of a torsion spring are close to one another, the sides of the coil are not accessible.
  4. Conversion – Calipers measured 64ths and 128ths wherein a handful of errors have been made when converting into a thousandths of an inch.

Accuracy and precision is the name of the game and both need to work hand-in-hand. So far, the only way to accurately determine the wire size by 10 and 20 coils. The coils of the spring are intact and closely rub together most of the time making it less inflicted of corrosion. The coat of the paint cannot get in between the coils.

In order to do this, you need to insert a thin piece of tape in between two coils. The first tape will be your starting point. Then, count 10 coils from the starting tape and insert another tape to indicate 10 coils partition. Now, count another 10 coils starting from the 10th coil where the first partition is. Gently bend the spring and insert another tape to indicate the 20 coils. After you have established your 20 coils with corresponding markers, get a paper and record this measurements. Remember, see to it that the coils and compressed because gaps between the coils can generate incorrect measurement.

Using your tape measure, securely hook the tape in your first coil and pull it all the way to your 20th coil. The measurement should be equal and proportionate in the first 10 coils and the second. If it is not, consider re-counting the coils again until you find the discrepancy.

Once you have now the measurements, refer to the table to determine your wire size.

Note: Wire sizes .200 and .237 are outdated no longer used by the majority. If you have found out that your torsion spring has these sizes, please contact us so that we can prepare and calculate the appropriate replacements ahead of time. The specs generally fall between the wire sizes before and after them on the chart. The .289 was not included in our price list because of its low usage, but springs with that wire can still be made. Just contact us for prices.


Determining the Inside Diameter (ID)

In determining the inside diameter (ID) of your torsion spring, you will need a strong ladder and a flashlight. The spring is on the shaft making it hard for you to calibrate the measurement of the inside diameter. You will have to check the windings and stationary cones and look for markings.

For residential doors, inside diameter (ID) usually comes with “175” or “134” for 1-3/4, refer to the photo below. Other light commercial doors may use a 1-3/4” inside diameter spring.

For springs embossed with much bigger inside diameter will have “2.0”, “200” or “2000” pertaining to 2”, see the picture below. Cone that are marked with numbers “1264”, “1265”,”1266”, and “1267” are technically 2 ¼”. Bigger cones, 2-5/8”, are marked with “258” or “263”. Residential torsion springs don’t usually have an inside diameter (ID) greater than 2-5/8”.

For the commercial and industrial doors, it usually uses torsion springs having an inside diameter ranging to 3” up to 8-1/2” depending on the weight. Markings are “334” or “375” referring to 3-3/4”, “600” referring to 6”. See photo below.

Upon knowing the inside diameter of your torsion spring, validate the dimension with the manufacturer of your garage door. Refer to this chart if there are any identifying marks on your door.


Determining the Wind of the Spring

Determining the wind of the spring is considered to be the most confusing part.


Here are some of the techniques you can use:

  • Position the end coil of the spring to 12 o’clock. The direction of how the spring is wound would tell you whether it’s the left or right. If it is going right, then it is right wind. If it goes to the left, then it is left wind.
  • Using your very own hands. Curl your hands to simply form a punching fist. Look at your right fist and examine the ends of the springs. If it resembles your right fist, then that is your right wind and left fist for your left wind.

Caution: Don’t ever wrap your hand around a wound torsion spring under any circumstances.


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